Telcordia Technologies, Inc., was formerly known as Bell Communications Research, Inc. or Bellcore. It was the telecommunication research and development company created as part of the break-up of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T).
Telcordia was created on October 20, 1983, as Central Services Organization, as part of the 1982 Modification of Final Judgment that broke up the Bell System. It later received the name Bell Communications Research. Nicknamed Bellcore, it was a consortium established by the Regional Bell Operating Companies upon their separation from AT&T. Since AT&T retained Bell Laboratories, the operating companies desired a separate research and development facility. Bellcore, the tenth company to register an Internet domain name in com TLD, provided joint research and development, standards setting, training, and centralized government point-of-contact functions for its co-owners, the seven Regional Holding Companies that were themselves divested from AT&T as holding companies for the 22 local Bell Operating Companies.
Bellcore’s initial staff and corporate culture were drawn from the nearby Bell Laboratories locations in northern New Jersey, plus additional staff from AT&T and regional operating companies. The company originally had its headquarters in Livingston with dedication by New Jersey Governor Thomas Kean in 1985, but moved its headquarters to Morristown a decade later. Bellcore operated the former Bell System Center for Technical Education in Lisle, Illinois.
Separation from the Baby Bells
In 1996, the company was provisionally acquired by Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC). The sale was closed one year later, following a regulatory approval process that covered all the states individually. Since the divested company no longer had any ownership connection with the Bell regional companies, the name was officially changed to Telcordia Technologies. in 1999. The headquarters was eventually moved to Piscataway. Stake in the company was subsequently sold in November 2004 to Providence Equity Partners and Warburg Pincus, who both held equal stakes in the company. On June 14, 2011, Ericsson announced an agreement to acquire Telcordia for $1.15 billion. On January 12, 2012, Telcordia became a wholly owned subsidiary of Ericsson.
Telcordia has been a major architect of the United States telecommunications system and has pioneered many services, including caller ID, call waiting, mobile number portability and toll-free telephone number (800). Its expertise is in managing large, complex projects across the operations and communications spectrum.
Telcordia offers products and services in the area of network planning and engineering, service assurance, delivery, fulfillment and data management and operations support. Telcordia’s software products are designed to solve communications problems, support complex operations missions and system interoperability issues. It also writes proposed Generic Requirements (GRs) for telecommunications industry hardware and offers consulting on these GRs.
Telcordia maintains its headquarters in Piscataway, New Jersey, and operates a software development facility in Chennai, India. Telcordia pioneered the prepaid charging system, the Intelligent Network. Most of the development work in intelligent networks is conducted in the laboratories in India and the United States. The headquarters campus in Piscataway and its offices and laboratories in Red Bank, New Jersey, are former Bell Labs locations that were transferred to Telcordia.